Presbycusis refers to the loss of hearing that steadily happ

Presbycusis refers to the loss of hearing that steadily happens in many people as they age. Loss of hearing is a typical issue related to aging. “Approximately 30-35% of adults 65 years and older suffer from hearing loss. Studies also show that 40 to 50% of individuals 75 years and older suffer from hearing loss” (Purnami et al., 2020, p. 1). “Some of the signs and symptoms of presbycusis are slurred or mumbled speech, conversations that are difficult to comprehend, high pitched sounds such as “th” and “S” which are tough to hear, overly loud sounds and tinnitus” (Zhang et al., 2020, p. 2).Sensorineural hearing misfortune is brought about by issues of the auditory nerve or inner ear. Presbycusis is, for the most part, a sensorineural hearing issue. Steady changes in the inner ear commonly cause this issue. The combined impacts of repeated subjection to everyday construction work or loud traffic sounds, noisy workplaces, devices that make noise, and loud music can lead to sensorineural hearing issues. The sensorineural hearing usually begins because of lost hair cells which are tactile receptors of the inner ear. This hearing loss can also happen due to genetic and aging factors, different ailments, and adverse effects of specific prescriptions like ibuprofen and individual anti-infection agents (Purnami et al., 2020). Presbycusis might be brought about by changes in the blood supply channels towards the ear due to cardiovascular illnesses, hypertension, vascular conditions brought about by diabetes, or other circulatory issues.The hearing loss can be subtle, moderate, or profound. Sometimes, presbycusis may be a conductive hearing problem, which means loss of sound affectability is brought about by variations from the norm of the outer ear and middle ear. The inconsistencies may incorporate the tympanic membrane’s decreased capability, also called the eardrum or diminished capacity of the three small bones found in the ear that convey ripples of sound from the tympanic membrane to the inner ear. The presbycusis differential diagnosis encompasses noise exposure, trauma, perilymph fistula, autoimmune disease, otosclerosis, Meniere disease, metabolic dysfunction, infection, genetically inherited presbycusis, and exposure to ototoxic agents (Cheslock, 2020).Some of the interventions which are available for patients with presbycusis to remove the wax blockage, surgical procedures whereby a doctor can insert tiny tubes that assist in draining the ear if the patient has repeated infections, use of cochlear implants if the patient has a severe hearing impairment, or use of hearing aids if the inner ear is damaged (Zhang et al., 2020).There are three different kinds of retinal and macular diseases. These are:• Stargardt disease is an inherited retinal issue that usually leads to vision loss in children or adults.• Wet macular degeneration is a severe eye disorder causing blurred vision and is caused by unusual leaking blood vessels that leak blood or fluid into the macular.• Dry macular degeneration is the deterioration of the retina whereby a tiny yellow deposit called drusen forms under the retina. ReferencesCheslock, M. (2020). Presbycusis. PubMed. (Links to an external site.)Purnami, N., Mulyaningsih, E. F., Ahadiah, T. H., Utomo, B., & Smith, A. (2020). Score of Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE) Compared to Whisper Test on Presbycusis. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, 1–5.  (Links to an external site.)Zhang, W., Yu, Z., & Ruan, Q. (2020). Presbycusis-Related Tinnitus and Cognitive Impairment: Gender Differences and Common Mechanisms. Multiple Chronic Conditions – Overview and Management of Chronic Disease Clusters. (Links to an external site.).Hearing Eye Age-Related Diseases, discussion board week 5.docx REPLY 2 Hearing and Eye Age-Related Diseases Over the past years, hearing and age-related diseases have been a threat to human lives and are a rising difficulty for most health professionals. In society, the widespread of low vision and hearing problems have increased continuously with age among all the racial and ethnic categories. Similarly, age-related and hearing diseases are expensive and, therefore, a menace to the aged’s potentiality to live singly. In the 2013 Eye and Hearing Prevalence Research Group report, it was revealed that the hearing and age-related diseases double each year; also, one among the 28 American adults above 40 years are associated with eye and hearing diseases (Teutsch & Rechel, 2012). As such, the focus of this essay is threefold: To define presbycusis and identify its signs and symptoms, etiology, and differential diagnosis. To create three interventions-education measures with a patient with presbycusis and lastly, to list, define, and elaborate on three different retinal and macular diseases age-related. Presbycusis, its Signs and Symptoms, Etiology, and Diagnosis Presbycusis refers to the loss of hearing, which frequently takes place in aged individuals. The disorder mostly limits the hearing of high pitched sounds. For instance, the aged find it challenging to hear closer sounds of birds’ chirping or ringing of a phone.  The symptoms include the address of other individuals seeming slurred, the challenge in hearing and telling high pitch sounds, difficulty in understanding conversations, the occurrence of tinnitus, and particular sounds seeming or overloud or irritating (Teutsch & Rechel, (2012). Presbycusis’ diagnosis and etiology reveal that the disorders cause it regarding the inner or auditory nerve. The changes in the significant year as an individual gets older cause the disorder. The disorder can also be caused by overloud sounds such as traffic, equipment, or music. Additionally, it can be caused by the changes in the blood supply in the body due to the conditions of heart diseases or high blood pressure.  Interventions-Education Measures of a Patient with Presbycusis There are various interventions prescribed for hearing disorders. In surgical intervention, there is the implant of the cochlear. The implant process involves a multiplex electronic device that acts as a replacement of the internal ear cochlea. The process is essentials in enabling the patients to understand the sound and speech wave. Secondly is the management intervention. The intervention involves the devices of the hearing aids and aural rehabilitation. The hearing aid is essential in helping advance the hearing of the aged. In pharmaceuticals intervention, includes the transcription of pharmaceutical drugs such as Tankan, eblesen, and antioxidant therapy. The drugs are essential in the treatment of the hearing disorder.  Retinal and Macular Diseases Age-Related There are different retinal and macular diseases related to age. Firstly is the dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD). It is a condition that involves the macula layers getting continually thinner and defunctioning of their functionality. In its initial stages, the color of the macula changes, and tiny drusen are seen, which leads to the deterioration of the retina.  In wet AMD, newly advanced blood vessels implant in the choroid layer just next to the retina. It is also called choroidal neovascularization. The newly created vessels are usually weak leading to the leaking of fluids, lipids, and blood, which gets into the retina, causing scar tissue formation, which stops the functionality of the retina cells (O’Keefe-McCarthy, 2009). Lastly, the Stargardt is also another type of macular degeneration, majorly caused by a recessive gene in individuals.  In conclusion, hearing and age-related eye disorder is a significant issue that needs various recommendations. Presbycusis is a hearing disorder that occurs in older adults. Its symptoms are associated with the difficulty of understanding the sound waves. The intervention measures for a patient with Presbycusis include management intervention, surgical intervention, and pharmaceutical intervention. The retinal and macular diseases age-related include the wet AMD, Stargardt, and the dry AMD. References O’Keefe-McCarthy, S. (2009). Technologically-mediated nursing care: The impact on moral agency. Nursing Ethics, 16(6), 76-796. Teutsch, S., & Rechel, B. (2012). Ethics of resource allocation and rationing medical care in a time of fiscal restraint: US and Europe. Public Health Reviews, 34(1), 1-10. All replies must be constructive and use literature where possible Your assignment will be graded according to the grading rubric. 200 words each reply

Order NOW For A 10% Discount!
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

High Quality, 100% Original, and Well-Researched Papers

HireProWriter always ensures that our writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can pick your academic level: high school, college/university, or professional, and we will assign a writer matching your field or discipline

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

Our Company has a team of professional writers with experience in business articles, academic papers, and research. The majority are native speakers and capable of tackling any task for which you need assistance.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something in your paper, no worries. Send your order for a free revision. We give you up to 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging in to your account or get help from our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. If we need an extension to master your paper, we will contact you on time regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

100% plagiarism-free work! We use premium writing tools to check plagiarism. Our professional editors carefully review all quotations in the text. Besides, we guarantee maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support team is available 24/7. We are dedicated to giving the best customer experience. Feel free to get in touch any time for assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

HireProWriter offers all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Services

No matter what kind of academic assistance you need and how urgent it is, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of paper at a reasonable cost. HireProWriter takes care of all your educational paper needs with a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission Essays

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You don't have to worry about writing a presentable college admission essay. You can be assured that through our services, we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing and Proofreading

Our Team (academic writers and editors) make the necessary adjustments to your essay/paper so that it is polished. Besides, we format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists per the chosen formats (APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian).


Revision Support

We value our clients' feedback. Our system is designed to ensure that we deliver quality work through the collaborative efforts of our team and clients. If you need an improvement in your paper, you are free to request a revision. In such a case, your paper will be rechecked by the writer or assigned to an editor. Your Satisfaction is our Concern!