REPLY1 Widely used nursing theories include Lewin’s 3 stage

REPLY1 Widely used nursing theories include Lewin’s 3 stage model and Lippits phase theory. The Lewin’s change theory consist of three stages including unfreezing, moving and refreezing stages. Unfreezing stage is when you recognize a change is needed, then you move to the phase when the change occurs and refreezing stage happens after equilibrium is established leading to satisfactory results and the cycles goes on and on. A distinct feature of Lewin theory is that it contains both driving forces and resisting forces and for the theory to be successful then the driving must overcome resistant forces. Lippits, Watson and Westley seven phase theory, first phase entails diagnosing the problem, assessing motivation, and capacity for change, evaluating change agent’s motivation and resource, choosing the appropriate role of the change agent, maintaining difference and last phase is termination of the help relationship (Tappen, 2016). Lippits theory expands on Lewin’s model of change into the seven steps mentioned above as well it is more comparable to nursing process hence there is no significance difference between the two (Alageel, Gulliford, McDermott & Wright, 2018). However, Lewin’s is built on three fundamental steps thereby facing a lot of criticism since nursing is more complicated than the three levels. Similarly, both theories are widely used in nursing and both requires nurses who are willing and want to make change. The mentor has applied Lewin’s change theory because she has successfully introduced a new paper work despite the hospital having several rounds every hour. In the unfreezing period she has describe to nurses of the importance of the sheet and how to sign, in the moving stage she let the nurses give their opinions on the system and lastly in the refreezing stage she went round and made sure nurses make this a daily habit. In my own opinion, I believe that Lewin’s theory is more appropriate for my project since most nurses’ push for change receiving less resist from people. Reference Tappen, R. M. (2016). Advanced nursing research: From theory to practice. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Alageel, S., Gulliford, M. C., McDermott, L., & Wright, A. J. (2018). Implementing multiple health behaviour change interventions for cardiovascular risk reduction in primary care: a qualitative study. BMC family practice, 19(1), 171. REPLY2 There are several change theories that would be good to use for the implementation of my capstone change project. After discussing these theories with my preceptor and listening to her stories of success as well as failures, we decided Lewin’s change theory will work best in implementing my change project at the acute care hospital, because there will need to be a strong push for this to be accepted into practice. She had successfully used this theory in the hospital when implementing changes in the past, but she supports the idea that depending on the theory or approach, the outcome can be very different. Combining theories can also be very successful for reaching intended outcomes. Lewin’s change theory involves three steps: freezing, moving and refreezing. Freezing involves using evidence to show why the change is necessary, moving is the active process of the change as it begins to occur in the organization and usually where most friction is met, and refreezing happens after the change is put in place and establishes momentum (Manyibe, et al,.2015). Success is dependent on the driving force dominating the resistant force. Lippet’s theory builds on Lewin’s theory, but includes seven phases instead of just three. In this theory, leadership or management acts as the agent for change. The phases include identifying the problem, assessing willingness and driving force for change, evaluating management’s motivation and resources to apply changes, maintaining the change, leadership stepping into the change agent role with designated responsibilities and lastly when the change agent is accepted as part of the organizational culture (Udod, & Wagner, n.d.).  Manyibe, E. O., Aref, F., Hunter, T., Moore, C. L., & Washington, A. L. (2015). An emerging conceptual framework for conducting disability, health, independent living, and rehabilitation research mentorship and training at minority serving institutions. The journal of rehabilitation, 4, 25. Retrieved from  Udod, S., & Wagner, J. (n.d.) Common change theories and application to different nursing situations. Retrieved from

Order NOW For A 10% Discount!
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

High Quality, 100% Original, and Well-Researched Papers

HireProWriter always ensures that our writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can pick your academic level: high school, college/university, or professional, and we will assign a writer matching your field or discipline

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

Our Company has a team of professional writers with experience in business articles, academic papers, and research. The majority are native speakers and capable of tackling any task for which you need assistance.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something in your paper, no worries. Send your order for a free revision. We give you up to 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging in to your account or get help from our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. If we need an extension to master your paper, we will contact you on time regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

100% plagiarism-free work! We use premium writing tools to check plagiarism. Our professional editors carefully review all quotations in the text. Besides, we guarantee maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support team is available 24/7. We are dedicated to giving the best customer experience. Feel free to get in touch any time for assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

HireProWriter offers all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Services

No matter what kind of academic assistance you need and how urgent it is, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of paper at a reasonable cost. HireProWriter takes care of all your educational paper needs with a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission Essays

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You don't have to worry about writing a presentable college admission essay. You can be assured that through our services, we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing and Proofreading

Our Team (academic writers and editors) make the necessary adjustments to your essay/paper so that it is polished. Besides, we format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists per the chosen formats (APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian).


Revision Support

We value our clients' feedback. Our system is designed to ensure that we deliver quality work through the collaborative efforts of our team and clients. If you need an improvement in your paper, you are free to request a revision. In such a case, your paper will be rechecked by the writer or assigned to an editor. Your Satisfaction is our Concern!